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All about whooping cough (Pertussis) causes of whooping cough (Pertussis) symptoms of whooping cough diagnosis of whooping cough treatment for whooping cough prevention of whooping cough (pertussis)

What causes whooping cough (Pertussis)?

Whooping cough is caused by a bacteria called Bordatella pertussis. B. pertussis causes its most severe symptoms by

attaching itself to those cells in the respiratory tract which have cilia. Cilia are small, hair-like projections that beat continuously, and serve to constantly sweep the respiratory tract clean of such debris as mucus, bacteria, viruses, and dead cells. When B. pertussis interferes with this normal, janitorial function, mucus and cellular debris accumulate and cause constant irritation to the respiratory tract, triggering coughing and increasing further mucus production. Whooping cough is caught by being coughed on by someone with the infection, who often do not know they are infected. If everyone has been immunised there is very little whooping cough around, but if immunisation levels are low then there is a high risk of catching the infection. Most babies catch whooping cough from a school-aged child, often a brother or sister, but adults can catch whooping cough and infect babies, children and other adults. Whooping cough is spread by contact with droplets coughed out by someone with the disease or by contact with recently contaminated hard surfaces upon which the droplets landed. The bacteria thrive in the respiratory passages where they produce several toxins that paralyze the tiny hairs and cause inflammation of the respiratory passages. Whooping cough is contagious from 7 days after exposure to the bacteria and up to 3 weeks after the onset of coughing spasms. The most contagious time is during the first stage of the illness.

More information on whooping cough (Pertussis)

What is whooping cough (Pertussis)? - Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory system. The infection is spread through the air by droplets.
What causes whooping cough (Pertussis)? - Whooping cough is caused by a bacteria called Bordatella pertussis. Whooping cough can affect people of any age.
What're the symptoms of whooping cough (Pertussis)? - Symptoms of whooping begins with a cold and a mild cough. Severe coughing spells can lead to vomiting.
How is whooping cough diagnosed? - The most accurate method of diagnosis of whooping cough is to culture the organisms obtained from swabbing mucus out of the nasopharynx.
What is the treatment for whooping cough? - The symptoms of whooping cough can be treated with antibiotics including erythromycin, tetracyclines, amoxicillin.
How to prevent whooping cough (pertussis)? - A DTaP vaccine (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis) or pertussis-only vaccine helps protect children against whooping cough (pertussis).
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