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All about severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) causes of SARS transmission of SARS SARS risk factors symptoms and signs of SARS diagnosis of SARS treatments for SARS prevention of SARS

What are the symptoms and signs of SARS?

The illness usually begins with a high fever (temperature greater than 100.4 degrees F). The fever is sometimes associated with chills or other symptoms, including a headache, a general feeling of discomfort, and body aches. Some people also

experience mild respiratory symptoms at the outset. Approximately 10-20 percent of patients have diarrhea. About 3 to 7 days later, dry cough and difficulty breathing may develop. Most people recover within 1 to 2 weeks. However, about 10 to 20% develop severe difficulty breathing, resulting in insufficient oxygen in the blood; worldwide, about half of these people need assistance with breathing. In addition to these symptoms, SARS may be associated with other symptoms including: loss of appetite, malaise, confusion, rash and diarrhea. Severe respiratory illness may occur before abnormalities are noted on chest X-ray. At the outset, the illness may be very mild.

The signs and symptoms in young infants and children may not follow the exact pattern that is seen in adults. Consequently, doctors are on the lookout for atypical forms of presentation in very young infants. In adult patients with SARS, there is usually a fever, which may be accompanied by chills and other symptoms such as headache and general body aches. In the early stages of the illness, patients may have these nonspecific symptoms (headaches and general body aches).

More information on severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

What is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)? - Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral infection characterized by often high fever, malaise, and a dry cough with dyspnea that can lead to hypoxemia and death.
What causes SARS? - SARS is caused by a new form of the coronavirus never before seen in humans. Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that have distinctive crown-like spikes.
How is SARS spread? - SARS is mainly spread by close person-to-person contact. After two to seven days, SARS patients may develop a dry cough with most developing pneumonia.
Who's at risk for SARS? - The risk factors for SARS are close contact within the previous 10 days with a probable case of SARS, recent travel within the previous 10 days to a reported affected area.
What are the symptoms and signs of SARS? - The main symptoms of SARS are high fever, combined with a dry cough, shortness of breath, or breathing difficulties.
How is SARS diagnosed? - Blood is tested for SARS infection when the illness is first recognized and again 3 weeks later. Three possible diagnostic tests have emerged.
What are the treatment options for SARS? - There is no proven effective treatment for SARS. There have been different treatment approaches used throughout the affected countries.
How to prevent SARS? - The WHO and the CDC have established a number of guidelines aimed at stopping transmission of the disease.
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