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How to prevent severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)?

The WHO and the CDC have established a number of guidelines aimed at stopping transmission of the disease. Avoid

touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unclean hands. Frequent hand washing with soap and water or use of an alcohol-based hand rub. Encourage people around you to cover their nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. Wearing a mask is not recommended except for those who are in close contact with someone who may have SARS. People exposed to others who may have SARS (for example, family members, airline personnel, and health care workers) should be alert for symptoms of illness. If they have no symptoms, they may attend work, school, and other activities as usual. If they develop fever, headache, chills, muscle aches, cough, or difficulty breathing, they should avoid face-to-face contact with other people and seek medical attention. Use a household disinfectant to clean any surfaces that may have been contaminated with sweat, saliva or mucus, or even vomit, stool or urine. Wear disposable gloves while you clean and throw the gloves away when you're done. Keep children home from school if they develop a fever or respiratory symptoms within 10 days of being exposed to someone with SARS. They can return if symptoms ease after three days. Children who have been exposed but don't have symptoms can attend school, but watch their health closely.

More information on severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

What is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)? - Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral infection characterized by often high fever, malaise, and a dry cough with dyspnea that can lead to hypoxemia and death.
What causes SARS? - SARS is caused by a new form of the coronavirus never before seen in humans. Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that have distinctive crown-like spikes.
How is SARS spread? - SARS is mainly spread by close person-to-person contact. After two to seven days, SARS patients may develop a dry cough with most developing pneumonia.
Who's at risk for SARS? - The risk factors for SARS are close contact within the previous 10 days with a probable case of SARS, recent travel within the previous 10 days to a reported affected area.
What are the symptoms and signs of SARS? - The main symptoms of SARS are high fever, combined with a dry cough, shortness of breath, or breathing difficulties.
How is SARS diagnosed? - Blood is tested for SARS infection when the illness is first recognized and again 3 weeks later. Three possible diagnostic tests have emerged.
What are the treatment options for SARS? - There is no proven effective treatment for SARS. There have been different treatment approaches used throughout the affected countries.
How to prevent SARS? - The WHO and the CDC have established a number of guidelines aimed at stopping transmission of the disease.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005