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All about pulmonary embolism causes of pulmonary embolism risk factors for pulmonary embolism symptoms of pulmonary embolism diagnosis of pulmonary embolism treatment for pulmonary embolism prevention of pulmonary embolism

How to prevent pulmonary embolism?

Pulmonary embolism risk can be reduced in certain patients through judicious use of antithrombotic drugs such as heparin, venous interruption, gradient elastic stockings and/or intermittent pneumatic compression of the legs. Heparin is the most widely used therapy for reducing the likelihood of clots forming in calf veins after any type of major surgery, especially surgery

for the legs. A different form of heparin, called low-molecular-weight heparin, is equally or even more effective in preventing clots than the use of traditional heparin. Low-molecular-weight heparin is also injected just under the skin and is usually continued until the risk of developing clots has passed.

Leg exercises, elastic support stockings, and leg compression stockings can also help keep the blood moving in the legs, which will lower the risk of pulmonary embolism. Compression stockings steadily squeeze your legs, helping your veins and leg muscles move blood more efficiently. They offer a safe, simple and inexpensive way to keep blood from stagnating after general surgery. Studies have shown that compression stockings used in combination with heparin are much more effective than heparin alone. Pneumatic compression uses thigh-high cuffs that automatically inflate every few minutes to massage and compress the veins in your legs. Studies show pneumatic compression can dramatically reduce the risk of blood clots, especially in people who have had hip replacement surgery.


More information on pulmonary embolism

What is pulmonary embolism? - Pulmonary embolism is an obstruction of a blood vessel in the lungs, usually due to a blood clot, which blocks a coronary artery.
What causes pulmonary embolism? - The most common cause of pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that forms in a deep vein in your leg, breaks loose, travels to the lungs.
What're the risk factors for pulmonary embolism? - Risk factors for pulmonary embolism include: prolonged bed rest, surgery, childbirth, heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure.
What are the symptoms of pulmonary embolism? - The signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism can vary greatly, depending on how much of the lung is involved.
How is pulmonary embolism diagnosed? - Diagnosis of pulmonary embolism depends upon an accurate and thorough medical history and ruling out other conditions.
What's the treatment for pulmonary embolism? - Treatment of pulmonary embolism focuses on preventing future pulmonary embolism by using anticoagulant medications.
How to prevent pulmonary embolism? - Pulmonary embolism risk can be reduced in certain patients through judicious use of antithrombotic drugs.
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