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All about lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) causes of lymphangioleiomyomatosis symptoms of lymphangioleiomyomatosis diagnosis of lymphangioleiomyomatosis treatment for lymphangioleiomyomatosis

What're the symptoms of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)?

Symptoms of lymphangioleiomyomatosis may include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing and/or coughing, and may be worse upon exertion. Patients may experience shortness of breath from fluid accumulation around the lungs, or chest pain from a collapsed lung. A common symptom of lymphangioleiomyomatosis is shortness of breath (dyspnea). Cysts near or on the surface of the lung (blebs) can rupture and, as air leaks from the lung into the chest cavity (pneumothorax), the lung or a part of the lung can collapse, causing pain. Obstruction of the lymphatic vessels by the excess muscle growth can lead to leakage of fluid into the chest cavity (pleural effusion). The fluid may be straw-colored (lymph), or fat-containing, milky white (chyle), or pinkish-red if it contains blood. About 30 to 50% of patients with LAM develop leakage of air into the chest cavity (pneumothorax), and up to 80% have leakage of fluid into the chest cavity (pleural effusions). Coughing up blood-stained sputum or blood (hemoptysis) is less frequent.


More information on lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)

What is lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)? - Lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by an unusual type of muscle cell that invades the tissues of the lungs.
What causes lymphangioleiomyomatosis? - Lymphangioleiomyomatosis can occur in association with tuberous sclerosis due to mutations in the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) genes.
What're the symptoms of lymphangioleiomyomatosis? - Symptoms of lymphangioleiomyomatosis may include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing and coughing.
How is lymphangioleiomyomatosis diagnosed? - The diagnosis of lymphangioleiomyomatosis can be difficult because the early symptoms are similar to those of other lung diseases.
What's the treatment for lymphangioleiomyomatosis? - Therapeutic treatments for lymphangioleiomyomatosis have focused on reducing the production or effects of estrogen.
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