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All about lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) causes of lymphangioleiomyomatosis symptoms of lymphangioleiomyomatosis diagnosis of lymphangioleiomyomatosis treatment for lymphangioleiomyomatosis

How is lymphangioleiomyomatosis diagnosed?

The diagnosis of lymphangioleiomyomatosis can be difficult because many of the early symptoms are similar to those of other lung diseases. However, there are a number of tests a physician can perform to confirm or rule out the existence of LAM including chest X-ray, pulmonary function tests, blood tests, and computed tomography. Computed tomography (CT) is the most definitive imaging test for diagnosing LAM. On a CT scan, the presence of thin-walled cysts spread relatively uniformly throughout the lungs usually means LAM. An abdominal CT scan may disclose a benign kidney tumor called angiomyolipoma that is associated with lymphangioleiomyomatosis. An open lung biopsy should be performed as a last resort to diagnose LAM. Two or more manifestations (cysts, fluid in the lungs, benign kidney tumor, and collapsed lung) can give clear indications of the diganosis of LAM.

 

More information on lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)

What is lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)? - Lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by an unusual type of muscle cell that invades the tissues of the lungs.
What causes lymphangioleiomyomatosis? - Lymphangioleiomyomatosis can occur in association with tuberous sclerosis due to mutations in the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) genes.
What're the symptoms of lymphangioleiomyomatosis? - Symptoms of lymphangioleiomyomatosis may include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing and coughing.
How is lymphangioleiomyomatosis diagnosed? - The diagnosis of lymphangioleiomyomatosis can be difficult because the early symptoms are similar to those of other lung diseases.
What's the treatment for lymphangioleiomyomatosis? - Therapeutic treatments for lymphangioleiomyomatosis have focused on reducing the production or effects of estrogen.
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