health care  
 
All about influenza (flu) influenza transmission causes of influenza influenza virus risk factors for influenza complications of influenza symptoms of influenza diagnosis of influenza treatment for influenza influenza prevention influenza vaccine (flu vaccine)

What're the risk factors for influenza?

The following groups are at increased risk for serious illness with the flu, or in contact with those at high risk, and should receive vaccine:
  • All people 50 years of age and older;
  • Adults and children with long-term heart or lung problems, including asthma;
  • Residents of nursing homes and other facilities housing patients of any age who have serious long-term health problems;
  • People who have kidney disease, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, anemia, cancer or immunological disorders and other medical conditions for which they are under the close supervision of a doctor, including people with HIV inflection;
  • Children aged 6 months to 18 years on long-term aspirin therapy and, therefore, might be at risk for developing Reye syndrome after influenza infection; and
  • Women who will be in the second or third trimester of pregnancy during the influenza season.

  • More information on influenza (flu)

    What is influenza (flu)? - Influenza (flu) is a respiratory infection caused by one of the influenza viruses that typically is spread by air or by direct contact.
    How is influenza transmitted? - Influenza is spread through contact with droplets from the nose and throat of an infected person during coughing and sneezing.
    What causes influenza? - The flu is caused by three types (strains) of viruses - influenza A, B and C. Influenza A is responsible for the deadly influenza pandemics.
    What's the influenza virus? - The influenza virus is in a class of viruses known as orthomyoxoviruses, with myxo referring to the fact that they infect mucus membranes.
    What're the risk factors for influenza? - All people 50 years of age and older are at increased risk for serious illness with the flu, or in contact with those at high risk, and should receive vaccine.
    What're the complications of influenza? - Influenza complications usually arise from bacterial infections of the lower respiratory tract. Pneumonia is the major serious complication of influenza.
    What are the symptoms of influenza? - Influenza can cause a variety of symptoms. Typical flu symptoms include headache, fever, chills, cough and body aches. Intestinal symptoms are uncommon.
    How is influenza diagnosed? - Diagnosis of influenza (flu) is based on typical symptoms of fever, chills, headaches, cough and body aches. There are a variety of tests to detect influenza.
    What is the treatment for influenza? - The main treatment for influenza (flu) is to rest adequately, drink plenty of fluids, and avoid exertion. Amantadine and rimantadine are effective against influenza A.
    How to control or prevent influenza? - The preferred treatment for influenza, and most viral infections is prevention. The prevention can be achieved through vaccinations.
    What's the influenza vaccine (flu vaccine)? - Vaccination is the principal measure for preventing influenza. Influenza vaccinations are given to millions annually.
    Respiratory & lung diseases Mainpage

    Topics in respiratory and lung diseases

    Lung diseases
    Occupational lung diseases
    Asthma
    Respiratory infections
    Respiration disorders
    Broncheal diseases
    Pleural diseases
    Lung transplant
     

    Featured articles on respiratory and lung diseases

    COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
    Emphysema
    Asbestosis
    Lung cancer
    Mesothelioma
    Silicosis
    Pulmonary hypertension
    Cystic fibrosis
    Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
    Influenza
    Bronchitis
    Pneumonia


    All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005