What cystic fibrosis diet is suggested?
People with cystic fibrosis usually require high-calorie diets and vitamin supplements. Cystic fibrosis patients should not eat large quantities of the following foods, which increase mucus production or cause allergies: dairy (especially milk, cheese,
and ice cream), eggs, peanuts, oranges, bananas, sugar, saturated fats, wheat, barley, oats, rye, excessive meat, and salt. Cystic fibrosis patients should eat large quantities of foods that reduce mucus or inflammation, including: garlic, onions, watercress, horseradish, mustard, umeboshi plums, parsley, celery, rose pits tea, pickles, lemon, anti-inflammatory oils (nuts, seeds, cold-water fish).
Height, weight, and growth of a person with cystic fibrosis are monitored regularly. Most people with cystic fibrosis need to take pancreatic enzymes to supplement or replace the inadequate secretions of the pancreas. Infants receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics and patients with liver disease and hemoptysis should be given vitamin K supplements. Formulas containing protein hydrolysates and medium chain triglycerides may be used instead of modified whole milk formulas for infants with severe pancreatic insufficiency. Glucose polymers and medium chain triglyceride supplements can be used to increase caloric intake. In patients who fail to maintain adequate nutritional status, enteral supplementation via a nasogastric tube, gastrostomy, or jejunostomy may restore normal growth and stabilize pulmonary function.
More information on cystic fibrosis
What is cystic fibrosis? - Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease of the exocrine glands. Cystic fibrosis affects the pancreas and the glands that secrete sweat and mucus.
What causes cystic fibrosis? - Cystic fibrosis is caused by a defect in the person's genes. The defective gene that is responsible for causing cystic fibrosis is on chromosome 7.
What're the complications of cystic fibrosis? - Most people with cystic fibrosis also have digestive problems. People with cystic fibrosis have an increased risk of lung infections.
What're the symptoms of cystic fibrosis? - The symptoms of cystic fibrosis usually develop during early childhood. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by the production of very thick and sticky mucus.
How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed? - Family history, persistent respiratory disease, or clinical evidence of pancreatic insufficiency may suggest the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis.
What's the treatment for cystic fibrosis? - Treatment for cystic fibrosis consists of the intake of digestion enzymes, nutritional supplements, percussion and postural drainage of the lungs, improved antibiotics.
What cystic fibrosis medications are available? - Cystic fibrosis medications include H2 receptor antagonists, oral corticosteroids, ibuprofen, erythromycin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, etc.
What cystic fibrosis diet is suggested? - People with cystic fibrosis usually require high-calorie diets and vitamin supplements. Most people with cystic fibrosis need to take pancreatic enzymes.
What's the gene therapy for cystic fibrosis? - Gene therapy for cystic fibrosis typically aims to supplement a defective mutant allele with a functional one.