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What's the treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia depends on the severity of symptoms. In mild cases, the child may require increased oxygen until the condition clears, usually over a few months. In severe cases, children require repeated

tracheostomy, in which a breathing tube is inserted into the trachea, and breathing assistance from a ventilator for the first two years of life. Additional ventilator support is usually required to deliver pressure to the lungs to keep lung tissue inflated, and to deliver supplemental oxygen. Your doctor will begin to wean your infant from the ventilator by slowing reducing the pressures and oxygen concentrations. Pressures and oxygen concentrations are slowly reduced. When the infant is weaned from the ventilator, oxygen may continue by a mask or nasal tube for several weeks to months. Your baby may still need to receive oxygen by mask or nose for some time because improvement from this disease is extremely slow. Good nutrition is very important as the lungs grow and heal. Your child may need to be fed through tubes inserted into the stomach and will need extra calories as he or she works to breathe alone. Because fluids can accumulate in the lungs, your baby may be on restricted fluids, and may even be given diuretics to increase the release of fluids from the body. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is frequently treated with corticosteroids to decrease lung inflammation, similarly to severe asthma. Infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia are usually fed by tubes inserted into the stomach. Extra calories are needed due to the effort of breathing. Fluids may be restricted, and the infant may be given diuretics (medications that remove water from the body) to keep the lungs from filling with fluid. Parents of these infants require emotional support as the resolution of the disease is often very slow, and hospitalization may be prolonged.

More information on bronchopulmonary dysplasia

What is bronchopulmonary dysplasia? - Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a condition that may develop in some preterm infants. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia occurs most often in premature newborns.
What causes bronchopulmonary dysplasia? - Bronchopulmonary dysplasia occurs in severely ill infants who have received high concentrations of oxygen for long periods of time.
What're the symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia? - The symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia include rapid breathing and bluish skin color.
How is bronchopulmonary dysplasia diagnosed? - The diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia is made in the premature newborn who has received ventilation for a prolonged time.
What's the treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia? - Treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia depends on the severity of symptoms. Good nutrition is very important.
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