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What's the treatment for bronchiectasis?

Treatment of bronchiectasis is directed against infections, secretions, airway obstruction, and complications (eg, hemoptysis, hypoxemia, respiratory failure, cor pulmonale). Regular, daily drainage to remove bronchial secretions is a routine part of treatment. A respiratory therapist can teach postural drainage and effective coughing exercises to patients and

their families.

Infections are treated with antibiotics, bronchodilators, and physical therapy to promote drainage of secretions. Sometimes antibiotics are prescribed for a long period to prevent recurring infections, especially in people who have cystic fibrosis. For inflammation and the buildup of mucus, anti-inflammatory drugs such as inhaled corticosteroids and drugs that thin the pus and mucus (mucolytics) may also be given, although the effectiveness of mucolytics is uncertain. Childhood vaccinations and a yearly influenza vaccine help reduce the chance of some infections. Avoiding upper respiratory infections, smoking, and pollution may lessen the susceptibility to infection.

Surgical lung resection may be indicated for those who fail to respond to therapy or for massive bleeding. When a particular area of the lung is constantly and severely infected, surgery may be needed to remove it. When bleeding occurs from irritated bronchial tubes and overgrown bronchial blood vessels, surgery may be required either to remove an area of the bronchial tube, or to inject the bleeding blood vessel with a material to stop the bleeding.

More information on bronchiectasis

What is bronchiectasis? - Bronchiectasis is an abnormal stretching and enlarging of the respiratory passages caused by mucus blockage.
What causes bronchiectasis? - Bronchiectasis is caused by recurrent inflammation or infection of the airways. The most common cause is severe respiratory infections.
What're the symptoms of bronchiectasis? - The most common symptoms of bronchiectasis are cough with sputum production. Dry bronchiectasis patient frequently cough up blood.
How is bronchiectasis diagnosed? - The diagnosis of bronchiectasis can be suspected by the physician if he hears abnormal crackling sounds when listening to the lungs.
What's the treatment for bronchiectasis? - Treatment of bronchiectasis is directed against infections, secretions, airway obstruction, and complications.
How to prevent bronchiectasis? - The risk of bronchiectasis may be reduced if lung infections are promptly treated. Prompt removal of an inhaled foreign body can prevent bronchiectasis.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005